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ANNO XV


31.05.2018
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La Commissione



INVESTIGATIONS/World

THE MALTA ENIGMAS - PART I

La Commissione
Malta, officially called Repubblika ta' Malta, Republic of Malta in English, is an island of southern Europe and a member of the European Union.
It is an archipelago located in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Maltese Channel, about 80Km from Sicily, 284Km from Tunisia, and 333Km from Lybia. Malta is comprised within the physical region of Italy. Its extension is of 316Km2, which makes it one of the smallest and most densely populated states of the world. The capital city is Valletta, the most populous is Birkirkara. The main island features a great number of cities that, along with Valletta, accounts for a total of 400,000 people.
Malta has two official languages: Maltese and English. The Italian was the official language up to 1934, but it is still widely spoken (more than 66% of Maltese people speaks it fluently, 17% knows its basic grammar); the Italian is taught in every school of Malta and utilized in commercial, touristic, and school businesses. Malta has always had strong ties with Sicily, including knowledge of Sicilian dialect. The old generations of Maltese still pass down customs, proverbs, idioms, and poems from Trinacria. Many family names have Sicilian roots.
Historically the geographical position of Malta gave prominence to the archipelago which was dominated, in sequence, by Phoenicians, Greek, Carthaginians, Romans, Arabs, Norsemen, Aragonese, Knights of Malta, French, and the British.
Three sites in Malta have been declared World Heritage by UNESCO. They are: the city of Valletta, the Hal Saflieni Hypogaeum, and the Megalithic Temples. Malta joined the European Union on may 1, 2004 and is part of the Eurozone since January 1, 2008. Malta is also a member of the Commonwealth.
Malta hosts one of the most ancient – if not the most ancient – Megalithic civilization in the world; it is an island considered magical by Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Greek alike. It might also be one of the remnants of the lost continent of Atlantis.


The X-Plan Group has planned a series of investigations in Malta, to collect past and present data about this very ancient and enigmatic island of the Mediterranean Sea.

THE SKULLS OF THE MOTHER GODDESS


Skulls of men who possessed and extraordinary cranial volume have been found within the megalithic temple of Hal Saflieni. Those skulls seemed to belong to lost race of priest identified with the cult of the serpent, and that could represent an ideal link between the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian cultures.
Until 1985 a good number of skulls from the Taxien, Ggantja, and Hal Saflieni temples were displayed at the Archaeological Museum of Valletta, the State capital; but later on they were removed and locked in a storage.
The only sources which prove the existence of the skulls come from Professors Anton Mifsud and Charles Savona Ventura, who possess photographic documentation and conducted a detailed study upon these anomalous skulls.
Various hypotheses have been formulated, from a pathological deformity to genetic mutation. The age of the skulls is estimated to be about 5,000 years (circa 3,000 BC). The most extraordinary of these skulls is the one called Dolichocephalic Skull, from its excessively elongated rear part. This skull also has the “Sagitta” missing.
Doctors and Anatomists talk of an “impossible” and unprecedented case in the International medical literature.
The islands of Malta and Gozo were important religious centers in Prehistoric times, where medical sciences and oracles were practiced, and ritualistic meetings with the priests of the Mother Goddess occurred. A number of sanctuaries and healing centers were built. The serpent was associated to the Goddess and the healing process; but the serpent belongs also to the underworld, thus an hypogaeum dedicated to the Mother Goddess and to the cult of the water was the most suitable place for a group of priests which was known as “The Priests Serpents” by the other ancient cultures.

Maltese archaeologists Anthony Buonanno an Mark Anthony Mifsud said that:

They [the Dolichocephalic Skulls] belong to a different race, although neither DNA nor Radiocarbon tests have been made. Maybe these priests came from Sicily

Other skulls present artificial deformities caused by surgical operations. About 7,000 skulls in total were found in the Hal Saflieni Hypogaeum.
The ethnic group that performed such interventions was the same that built the giant temples dedicated to the Mother Goddess between 4,100 and 2,500 BC; it was a race that never blended with the local population and which favored intermarriages in order to preserve the purity their offspring. This inevitably led to a weakening of the genetic make-up, and the stemming of generic deformities.

Year 2,500 BC marks the end of the megalithic history of Malta. After that, 300 years of anthropological darkness ensue, with no human settlements until the arrival of the Phoenicians (which, incidentally, also built temples dedicated to their Great Mother [Astarte], depicted with a serpent face).
Malta bears many notable resemblances with Ancient Egypt: In the Lower Egypt the symbol of the Pharaoh was a bee called “Bit”; the ancient name of Malta, “Melita”, comes from the Latin and means “honey”. Malta's symbol was a bee with its hexagonal cells. The word “Melita” has its origin in the root “Mel” or “Mer”, which in Ancient Egypt was the name attributed to the Pyramids.
Geologically, Malta is a platform originated by a lifting of the marine floor, and showed more than one time its tendency to submerge. The 35 prehistoric temples distributed between the two main islands of Malta and Gozo, and many others currently resting under the water are possible signs of a catastrophe that could have hit the area about 3,000-2,500 BC.
According to local archaeologists such catastrophe could have originated the legend of Atlantis. The cause could have been a strong earthquake causing the rotation of Malta's axis around itself, submerging part of the coast facing Sicily. This could also explain the sudden disappearance of the civilization which erected the giant temples dedicated to the Mother Goddess, and that perhaps was the same civilization of the mysterious Dolichocephalic priests, the “Priests Serpents”.
THE MEGALITHIC MYSTERIES OF MALTA

The first human settlement in Malta dates back, according to Paul Devereux, about 7,000 years ago, and it was most likely coming from Sicily; in 3,400 BC the building of the Megalithic temples began. They were unique, not having existed any similar model in the rest of the known world. The work continued for more than one thousand years.
Today only 30 temples survive, displaying common traits and basic features such as edifices and squares surrounded by slightly hollow, megalithic walls. All of them presented a central passage leading from the main entrance of the outside wall, into the heart of the temple; the passage is decorated with a number of alcoves on both sides.
Other specific features of the megalithic temples are the entrances or apertures supported by stone pilasters, recesses, and cup-shaped constructions whose use remains unknown.
Some apertures in the walls are curiously designed as “spaces for the oracles”. The nature of the temples seems to be of a typical ritualistic type, and not a burial site. There are no traces of human sacrifices, but many animal bones have been found, suggesting that they were killed to worship...what deity? It seems that it was a goddess, the Mother Goddess or Great Mother, symbol of the earth.
Statuettes of a female figure, fat and with enormous hips and breasts, have also been found in the majority of these temples.
According to Louis Lagana' (University of Malta), author of a thorough analysis of the cult of the Mother Goddess in Malta, the revival of this ancestral symbol on the island is due to the work of archaeologist Marija Gimbutas and other women in several fields, who have brought about such concepts as self-transformation and empowering of woman in the society. However, the archetype of the Mother Goddess is not limited only by the academic and folk culture: it is something so embedded into our collective consciousness, as well as the human psyche, to represent the primary symbol of fertility and regeneration. It is an echo of those ancient pre-Indoeuropean cultures which, during Prehistory, migrated into the European continent from the Orient.
For over 5,000 years the cult of the Mother Goddess permeated the social structure of many cultures of Europe, until the advent of the Judeo-Christian religion has absorbed and “converted” it into the Marian Worship.
Statuettes and figurine dug out of various sites in Malta come from the Neolithic period, and have been variously (yet inconclusively) interpreted.
Certainly there are few doubts that Malta has had, in the past, a matriarchal culture which led many – women above all – to explore myths, arts and rituals of that long-forgotten time.
From a psychological standpoint, the image of the goddess is an archetype connected with the birth, with the nourishment, with the cycle of life, and therefore, with fertility. It also convey the idea of regeneration and continuity of the existence. According to C.G.Jung the Mother Goddess is an archetypal concept  of the mother which symbolizes protection, and which can be linked to hollow or empty objects like the womb.
The “Fat Lady” - as called by Maltese people – may thus originate from the universal symbol of the Great Mother.
Willow La Monte is specialized in ancient rituals, and holds seminars to practical demonstrations of it. She is a Sicilian-American woman who lives in Florida, from where she edits the Goddessing Regenerated Magazine, but often visits Malta.
According to La Monte, the reason for this rediscovery of the interest for ancient deities (especially female deities) resides in the fact that women, in all ancient cultures as well as in some Asian and African communities today, has always had the essential role of leader of the social group, either from the spiritual side (protection, comfort), or from the material side (education, growth, regeneration), or both.
La Monte believes that Malta was, and still is, an important site where the Mother Goddess was worshiped. La Monte suggests that, in Malta, the goddess covered different roles: the “Fat Lady” statuettes found inside the temples signified that obesity was considered a positive aspect. The temples of Mnajdra and Hagar Qim, which we have visited, seemed to have been designed in the shape of a maternal womb, with its toroidal plane, the rounded walls, and the presence of the Sancta Sanctorum at the very center of each construction.
Similar figurines of the Mother Goddess, depicted as a large sized woman, have been found all around the globe, from Turkey to Anatolia, to the pre-Columbian America.
From the obesity of the Mother Goddess to the generous curves of the Classic Greek goddesses, we can trace a clear, symbolic pathway: the “abundant” woman is a synonym of prosperity, fertility, harmony of the forms, and life. The nihilistic and minimalist counterculture of today, from the Industrial Revolution onward, have completely turned such symbol upside down, reducing the female figure to a pale, skinny shadow, whose psycho-sociological motivations are way more complex than the mere evolution of the aesthetics, as La Monte thinks.

Back to the cult of the Mother Goddess in Malta, it seems to come to a sudden stop around half of the second millennium BC. The colossal image of the goddess found into the Temple site at Tarxien is perhaps the last example of this ancient deity.
Why the sudden disappearance of the prehistoric civilization in Malta? One of the theories advanced by mainstream scholars is that the Maltese settlements suffered a massive invasion from Continental Europe people, which possessed better weapons and a better technology.
A second theory is that of a self-destruction process due to overpopulation, soil saturation caused by intensive cropping, deforestation, and climate changes.
This second theory seems unlikely to us, especially with regards to the overpopulation, which seems to never have been too numerous in the island. Archaeologist David Trump says that it looks as if Malta had been suddenly abandoned, returning to be that virgin island which had been 2,500 years before. Various clues point at the solidity of Trump's hypothesis.

Some of the most important archaeological sites in Malta are Ggantija (Gozo Island) which, according to the legend, was built by a giant woman, and Hagar Qim, Mnajdra and Tarxien in Malta.
The two temple sites of Ggantija are the oldest stone structures in the world (3,600-3,000 BC), preceding the building of Stonehenge and the Pyramids of hundreds of years.
The temples have a circular structure, and contain inside figurines of female deity over which the Great Mother Goddess presides, and tho whom the statuettes were dedicated.
The ancient inhabitants of Malta used to visit these temples in pilgrimage.
According to an ancient legend these structures were built in a day and a night by a giant woman called Sunsuna, which did it while attending to a child. The name of the temples, Ggantija, means “Giant's Lair” in Maltese.
The cult of the Mother Goddess at Ggantija was not the only reason for people to visiting it: inside the temples, it is said, there was an oracle similar to those of the Greek. The pilgrimage of the Maltese could have thus had two reasons: prayer but also prophecy and healing.
The temples have each five apses, connected to one another by a central corridor leading to their innermost part. The first temple is bigger and decorated with alcoves, altars, and reliefs (the spiral is a recurring symbol), while the second lacks of all this.
Among the artifacts found within the two temples at Gozo there are, of course, the figurines of the “Fat Lady”, spiral reliefs, and stones with decorative holes.

The prehistoric temples in Malta are mainly three: Hagar Qim e Mnajdra are near the village of Qrendi, distanced by 500 meters as the crow flies.
Hagar Qim presents a wide space linked to a passage to the central chamber, in the classic Maltese megalithic style (i.e. Ggantija). A separate entrance allows the access to four independent niches which constitute the north-western apsis.
Mnajdra is centered around a circular clearance. Three adjacent temples face one another from one side, while a terrace divide them from a slope which ends at sea level.
Some structures are similar to the Hagar Qim alcoves, while others, more ancient, are more akin to the Ggantija temple for structure and decorations.
The southern temple is astronomically oriented perpendicular to sunrise at Solstices and Equinoxes; during the Summer Solstice, for instance, the first rays of the sun hit the edge of a decorated megalith standing among the first apses, while during the Winter Solstice the same effects occurs upon the megalith facing the opposite apsis.
At the Equinoxes the sun passes directly through the main gate and reaches the Sancta Sanctorum, the innermost part of the temples.
Tarxien is at about 400 meters due East from the Hal Saflieni Hypogaeum, and were fully excavated by Temi Zammit.
Unlike the other sites, this temple is surrounded by modern buildings. Its archaeological value, and the mystery of its symbols and decorations, remain nevertheless untouched.
10/02/2018 17:30:42

http://www.thexplan.net/article/313/THE-MALTA-ENIGMAS-PART-I/En
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